Nominal voltage of cables and wires

The nominal voltage of a cable means the voltage for which the cable has been constructed and defines the electrical tests. The nominal voltage is expressed in Volt by the relation of two values Uo/U;

Uo is the r.m.s. value of the voltage between external conductor and earth (metal sheathing of the cable or surrounding medium). U is the r.m.s. value between two external conductors of a multi-core cable or of a system of mono-conductor cables.

In a system of alternating current (a.c.), the nominal voltage of a cable has to be at least equal to the values Uo and U of the system. In a system of direct-current (d.c.) the nominal voltage of the system shall not be higher than 1.5 times of the nominal voltage of the cable

Note: The operating voltage of a system is allowed to be continuously 10% higher than the nominal voltage of the system.

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